FROM OUT OF THE PAST
"THE EYE" 1968
Iowa State Reformatory (now known as the Anamosa State Penitentiary) started as a wooden stockade. Passed by Legislature 1872. Building started 1873.
In 1907 and 1908 the population at ASP was 296 inmates. On July 1, 1907, this institution went from a Penitentiary to a Reformatory. At this time, the guards pay was $50 a month and each officer worked twelve hours per day. Every Sunday you worked from 7:30 AM to 9:30 AM, and from 2:00 PM until 4:00 PM. Every fourth Sunday, you worked twelve hours from 7:30 AM until 7:30 PM.
No meals were furnished and you would be fired if you were caught eating anything. You purchased your own uniforms and kept them up.
The inmates were not paid anything for any job and upon leaving the institution were given five dollars. First grade men got ten cents for tobacco a week, second grade men got five cents for tobacco a week and third men, if found with any tobacco, went to solitary.
When an inmate entered the institution, he was in second grade. He got nine credit marks each month and he had to have 50 credit marks out of a possible 54 before going to first grade. Three demerit points in thirty days and he would go back one grade.
It took six years and three months to do a ten-year sentence, and before 1907, the only parole an inmate could get was a pardon from the governor.